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教育部督导局负责人就《县域学前教育普及普惠督导评估办法》答记者问

2020-03-02 15:21     来源:幸运农场_三分幸运农场-官方版
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建立对县级政府发展学前教育督导评估制度 促进学前教育普及普惠发展

——教育部督导局负责人就《县域学前教育普及普惠督导评估办法》答记者问

 

riqian,jiaoyubuyinfale《xianyuxueqianjiaoyupujipuhuidudaopinggubanfa》(yixiajiancheng《banfa》)。jiaoyubujiaoyududaojufuzerenjiuxiangguanwentihuidalejizhetiwen。

1. 请问《办法》出台的背景是什么?

da: jinnianlai,zaidangzhongyang、guowuyuandegaoduzhongshixia,woguoxueqianjiaoyuguimokuaisukuoda,pujipuhuishuipingwenbutisheng,xueqianjiaoyushiyequdelexianzhuchengji。danzongtishangkan,xueqianjiaoyurengshijiaoyutixizhongzuiboruodehuanjie,tuchubiaoxianzai: puhuixingziyuangongjibuzu,gongbanyuanzaiyuanyouerzhanbibugao;xiaoqupeitaoyoueryuanxingyunnongchangguanlibuguifan;caizhengzhichibudaowei,chengbenfendanjizhiyoudaiwanshan;jiaoshishuliangduanque,gongzidaiyuhezongtisuzhidoujiaodi;xueqianjiaoyujianguanboruo、youeryuanbanyuanxingweibuguifandengwentipubiancunzai。“ruyuannan”“ruyuangui”wentishangweidedaogenbenjiejue,xueqianjiaoyuchuyupapoguokandeguanjianjieduan。

2018nian11yue,《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuanguanyuxueqianjiaoyushenhuagaigeguifanfazhanderuoganyijian》(yixiajiancheng《ruoganyijian》)chutai,duixueqianjiaoyupujipuhuifazhantichulezongtimubiaohejutizhengce,bingmingqueyaoqiu“zhidingpujixueqianjiaoyududaopinggubanfa,yixianweidanweiduipujixueqianjiaoyuqingkuangjinxingpinggu,shengjiweizhutuidongshishi,guojiashenherending”。kaizhanxianyuxueqianjiaoyupujipuhuidudaopinggushiluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuanjuecebushudejutijucuo,shituidongxueqianjiaoyupujipuhuianquanguifanfazhandexianshixuyao。

2.请简要介绍《办法》制订的过程。

幸运农场da: jiaoyubuyu2019nian5yueqidongle《banfa》deyanjiuzhidinggongzuo,zhuyaojinglileyixiaguocheng:

yishizhuantiyanjiu。duocizuzhizhuantiyantao,yanjiuluoshi《ruoganyijian》dejutijucuo,tichududaopinggudelinianyuanze、mubiaorenwu、zhongdianneirong、gongzuochengxudeng,xingcheng《banfa》dezongtisiluhejibenkuangjia。

ershiwengaoqicao。quanmianshuli《ruoganyijian》dengwenjianyouguanneirong,jiejian“liangji”yanshou、xianyuyiwujiaoyujibenjunhengfazhanheyouzhijunhengfazhandudaopinggudejingyanzuofa,qicaoxingcheng《banfa》chugao。

幸运农场sanshizhengqiuyijian。fenbiezhaokaizuotanhuizhengqiulesheng、shijijiaoyududaobumenfuzerenhebufenguojiaduxue、xueqianjiaoyulingyuquanweizhuanjiadeyijian,shumianzhengqiulegesheng(qu、shi)jiaoyuting(jiaowei)yijian,zaichongfenxishouyijianjianyijichushang,xiugaiwanshan《banfa》。

sishihuiyishenyi。2020nian1yue,《banfa》jingjiaoyubudangzuhuishenyitongguo。

3.请介绍一下督导评估的思路原则。

da: anzhao《ruoganyijian》deyaoqiu,dudaopingguduixiangshixianjirenminzhengfu,dudaopingguyaocongfazhanguihua、caizhengtouru、jiaoshigongzidaiyubaozhang、jianduguanlidenggefangmian,duixianjirenminzhengfujixiangguanzhinengbumenlvzhiqingkuangjinxingkaocha,yindaoxianjirenminzhengfujianliwanshangongzuotizhijizhi,qieshituijinxueqianjiaoyupujipuhuihechixujiankangfazhan。

dudaopingguzhuyaojianchisigeyuanze:yishikexueguihua。gedianzhaoguojiazongtimubiao,jiehebenxingzhengqujingjishehuifazhanshuiping,zhidingdudaopingguzongtiguihuaheniandujihua,tongchoutuijindudaopinggurendinggongzuo。ershijianchibiaozhun。guojiazhidingtongyidedudaopingguzhibiao、rendingbiaozhunhegongzuochengxu,yangezhixing,quebaodudaopingguneirongzhenshi、chengxuguifan、jieguokekao。sanshigongkaitouming。gongkaigongshidudaopingguguochenghejieguo,jieshoushehuijiandu,tigaodudaopinggugongzuodequanweixinghekexindu。sishizhuzhongshixiao。tongguokeguanpinggugedishijigongzuochengxiao,ducuyindaodifangzhengfujijifazhanxueqianjiaoyu。tongchoupingguxiangmu,jianhuadudaopingguzhibiao,youhuagongzuoliucheng,jianqingjicengfudan。fangzhixingshizhuyi,dujuexujiapujipuhui。

4. 请问督导评估的指标和标准是如何确定的?具体有哪些?

da: zaishejidudaopingguzhibiaohebiaozhunshi,xingyunnongchangbaguojiafazhanxueqianjiaoyudezongtiyaoqiuyuxueqianjiaoyufazhandeshijixiangjiehe,yifangmianjianchiyoujukeyi,quanbuzhibiaohebiaozhunjunlaiyuanyu《ruoganyijian》hexianyouzhengcewenjian,biaozhunbagao;lingyifangmianjianchi“doudixian”“buduanban”,jianquanzhengcecuoshi、wanshantizhijizhi,cujinxueqianjiaoyuzoushangchixujiankangfazhandeguidao。

幸运农场dudaopinggubaokuopujipuhuishuiping、zhengfubaozhangqingkuang、youeryuanbaojiaozhiliangbaozhangqingkuang3dafangmian,gong17tiaojutizhibiaohebiaozhun。pujipuhuishuipingde3tiaozhibiao,shi《ruoganyijian》dui2020nianquanguopujipuhuishuipingtichudezongtimubiao,yongyuduimeigexianpujipuhuishuipingdedingliangkaocha,ji: xueqiansannianmaoruyuanlvdadao85%、puhuixingyoueryuanfugailvjigongbanyuanhepuhuixingminbanyuanzaiyuanyouerzhanbidadao80%、gongbanyuanzaiyuanyouerzhanbidadao50%。zhengfubaozhangqingkuangde9tiaozhibiaohebiaozhun,zhuyaozheyanyuzhengfujianlijianquantizhijizhi、wanshanzhengcezhidu,baokuodangdelingdaojianqiangyouli、fazhanguihuakexueheli、xueqianjiaoyugonggongxingyunnongchangwangluojibenwanshan、xiaoqupeitaoyoueryuanguanliguifan、caizhengtourudaowei、shoufeiheli、jiaoshigongzidaiyuyoubaozhang、anquanfengxianfangkongjizhijianquan、jianguanzhidubijiaowanshandeng。youeryuanbaojiaozhiliangbaozhangqingkuangde5tiaozhibiaohebiaozhun,fenbieshibanyuantiaojianhege、banepubiandabiao、jiaoshipeizupeiqi、jiaoshiguanlizhiduyange、luoshikexuebaojiaoyaoqiu。

5.请简要介绍一下督导评估的程序。

幸运农场da: dudaopingguanzhao“xianjiziping、shijichuhe、shengjipinggu、guojiarending”dechengxukaizhan。

幸运农场guojiarendingbaokuo4gechengxu: yishizhibiaoshenhe,shenheshenbaoxianshifoudabiaoyijishengjidudaopinggugongzuobiaozhunshifoumingque、fangshishifoukexue、chengxushifouguifan、jieguoshifoukeguandeng。ershishehuirenkedudiaocha,chouquyidingbilideshenbaoxian,duijiazhang、jiaozhigong、yuanzhang、rendadaibiao、zhengxieweiyuanjiqitaqunzhongdengkaizhandiaocha,chouchaxianshehuirenkeduxugaoyu85%。sanshishidihecha,dudaozusuijichouquyidingbilideshenbaoxian,mingchayuanfangxiangjiehe,tongguotingquhuibao、zuotan、chayueziliao、suijichouchayoueryuan、shelijubaoqudao、tingqudangdiqunzhongyijiandengfangshi,quanmiankaochalejiedangdixueqianjiaoyufazhanqingkuang。dudaozuduishenbaoxian“shifoutongguoshidihecha”xingchengyijian,bingxiangguowuyuanjiaoyududaoweiyuanhuibangongshitijiaoshumianbaogao。sishijieguorending,guowuyuanjiaoyududaoweiyuanhuibangongshigenjuzhangwodeshuju、ziliao、jubaoqingkuang、shidihechaqingkuangduishenbaoxianxingchengzuizhongpinggurendingjielun,tiqingguowuyuanjiaoyududaoweiyuanhuishenhehou,quedingguojiaxueqianjiaoyupujipuhuixianmingdan。

幸运农场zaiguojiarendingguochengzhong,gechouchaxiandadaosuoyouzhibiaohebiaozhunyaoqiuqietongguosuoyouhuanjierending,zegaisheng(qu、shi)dangniansuoyoushenbaoxianjuntongguorending;fancunzairenyichouchaxianmingxianbudabiao、qunzhongduixueqianjiaoyutousujubaoduo、fumianfanyingqianglie、shujunongxuzuojiadengyanzhongwentide,guowuyuanjiaoyududaoweiyuanhuibangongshijiangzhongzhiduigaisheng(qu、shi)dangniandepinggurendinggongzuo。

6.问: 督导评估结果运用方面是如何考虑的?

幸运农场da: yishimeinianxiangshehuigongbudangnianduxueqianjiaoyupujipuhuixianmingdanhegesheng(qu、shi)suoyouxueqianjiaoyupujipuhuixianmingdanjizhanbi。

幸运农场ershibadudaopinggujieguozuoweiduixianjirenminzhengfujiqizhuyaofuzerenlvxingjiaoyuzhizepingjiahejiaoyufazhanshuipingzonghepinggudezhongyaoyiju;guojiajiangsheng(qu、shi)xueqianjiaoyupujipuhuiqingkuangnaruduishengjirenminzhengfulvxingjiaoyuzhizepingjiadezhongyaoneirong。

sanshiduiruqiwanchengdudaopinggumubiaodediqu,linxuandianxingjingyanxuanchuantuiguang;duilvxingxueqianjiaoyupujipuhuigongzuozhizebuli、weiruqiwanchengdudaopinggumubiaodediqu,caiquyuetanyouguanfuzeren、tongbaopipingdengfangshiyuyiwenze。

wenjianxiazai:

guanlianwenjian:

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